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Aortic Valve Replacement in India

Aortic valve replacement or repair is a technique for treating a damaged aortic valve, which controls blood flow in the heart.

The aortic valve is one of the four valves that help control the blood flow. When the heart squeezes, the valve opens, allowing blood to flow from the left ventricle.

Most aortic valve conditions without symptoms only require regular follow-ups, but some mechanical problems like severe Aortic Stenosis and Regurgitation require surgery to reduce the risk of complications.

So, if you want to learn all about aortic valve replacement, including the procedure and other aspects, read this article.

Why Aortic Valve Replacement is Performed?

Aortic valve replacement is performed to reduce the risk of heart failure, heart attack, stroke, or death due to sudden cardiac arrest.

Individuals undergo tests to determine the condition of the heart, and then surgeons consider surgery.

How Aortic Valve Replacement is Performed?

An aortic valve replacement procedure is performed to treat damaged aortic valves and prevent the risk of complications. Here is the procedure for the aortic valve replacement. 

Before the Surgery

  • When you arrive in the hospital, an IV catheter is inserted into your forearm, through which fluids and medicines will be given.
  • If there's any hair in the surgery area, a care provider will shave it.
  • After this, you will get general anesthesia, which will prevent you from pain during the surgery.
  • You will be connected to a heart-lung bypass machine, which will help move blood through the body

During the Surgery

  • A large incision will be made to access your heart; although small, sometimes minor cuts may be made.
  • Then, your heart will be stopped and connected to a heart-lung bypass machine, which will do the heart job during the operation.
  • After this, the damaged or faulty valve will be removed and replaced with a new one.
  • After the procedure, your heart will be restarted, and the chest wall will be closed.

After the Surgery

  • After the surgery, you will be moved to the observation room to care for and prevent infections.
  • Medications and checkups will be done to check the patient's condition.
  • After the patient's condition is stable, they will be moved to the general room.


When you have mild aortic valve stenosis, you never feel any symptoms. It took a long time to notice symptoms, but the signs of a weakening heart are sometimes overlooked, such as:

  • Shortness of breath
  • Chest pain or tightness
  • Feeling faint or lightheaded
  • Fatigue
  • Heart palpitations (rapid or fluttering heartbeat)
  • Heart murmur (an extra beat in between your usual heartbeats)

What Causes Heart Valve Disease?

There are some common valve disease causes that include:

  • Rheumatic fever
  • Heart attack
  • High blood pressure
  • A congenital problem since birth
  • Degeneration or calcification of the valve tissue.
  • Thoracic aortic aneurysm
  • Heart failure
  • Infection of the heart

Diagnosis and Evaluation for Aortic Valve Replacement

  • Echocardiogram
  • Electrocardiogram (ECG or EKG)
  • Chest X-ray
  • Cardiac MRI
  • Cardiac computerized tomography (CT) scan
  • Exercise tests or stress tests
  • Cardiac catheterization

Who are the Candidates?

  • This treatment is beneficial for patients with damaged aortic valves.
  • Symptomatic cases of Aortic Stenosis
  • Symptomatic cases of Aortic Regurgitation
  • Patients who feel chest pain, dizziness, breathlessness, etc are considered for the procedure.

List of Best Hospitals for Aortic Valve Replacement

  • Amrita Hospital, Faridabad
  • Amrita Hospital, Kochi
  • Medanta - The Medicity Hospital
  • KIMS Hospital, Secunderabad
  • Kokilaben Dhirubhai Ambani hospital, Mumbai
  • Vijaya Hospital, Chennai
  • Indraprastha Apollo Hospital
  • Apollo Gleneagles Hospital, Kolkata
  • Aster Medicity, Kochi
  • BLK Max Super Speciality Hospital

List of Best Doctors for Aortic Valve Replacement

  • Dr. N Sastri
  • Dr. Murtaza Ahmed Chishti
  • Dr. Ajay Kaul
  • Dr. Anil Bhan
  • Dr. Sanjay Gupta
  • Dr. Anoop K Ganjoo
  • Dr. Y. K. Mishra
  • Dr. Surendra Nath Khanna
  • Dr. Z.S. Meharwal
  • Dr. S. K. Jain


  • Bleeding
  • Blood clots
  • Problem or failure of a replacement valve
  • Heart rhythm problems (arrhythmias)
  • Infection
  • Stroke
  • Death


The aortic valve replacement procedure is helpful for patients with heart disease to prevent high risk of complications such as stroke, heart attack, heart failure, etc., and if you have any of these symptoms, then you can consult the doctors, and they will suggest you if you should go for surgery or not.

Aortic Valve Replacement cost
Treatment Name Estimated Cost
Aortic Valve Replacement6900-7500 USD
Aortic Valve replacement - Mechanical Valve8500-9000 USD
Aortic Valve replacement - Tissue Valve9500-10000 USD

Medically Reviewed By

Dr. Aryan Malhotra

Dr. Aryan Malhotra is a highly respected and compassionate medical professional with a strong academic background. He holds an MBBS and MD degree from DTMU University in Georgia. Driven by a deep sense of duty, he is dedicated to providing exceptional care to his patients.

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Frequently Asked Questions on Aortic Valve Replacement

You'll often need to spend a week or more in the hospital following an Aortic Valve Replacement.

It usually takes 4-8 weeks to recover after Aortic Valve Replacement Surgery.

Treatment for aortic valve disease that is long-lasting is aortic valve repair. 84 percent of patients are able to avoid surgery for at least 10 years.

Repairing or replacing heart valves carries risks like bleeding, blood clots leading to heart attack or stroke, infections, breathing issues, irregular heartbeats, and potential valve failure. There's also a chance of complications during or after surgery, such as pneumonia or adverse reactions to anesthesia.

Yes, it is necessary to have a companion.

Around 1-2, weeks is required for a patient to be able to travel after Aortic Valve Replacement Surgery.

Yes, you can do your own research and choose your physical therapist.

After valve surgery, you'll need to take painkillers because you'll experience muscle and wound discomfort for a few weeks.

Yes, insurance companies typically cover the cost of Aortic Valve Replacement Surgery in India.

Most patients are able to resume normal activities after 2-3 months.

To discover the top doctors or hospitals in India, you can visit our website, mejocare on the doctors' page, you can filter and find the finest doctors, while on the hospital page, you can identify the best hospitals. Additionally, you can reach out to us, and we will gladly offer you all the necessary suggestions and information you need.


Typically, an Aortic Valve Replacement surgery procedure takes approximately two to four hours.

No, there is no waiting list for Aortic Valve Replacement Surgery in India.

Yes, before the surgery, you will need to undergo several tests, including a chest X-ray, blood tests, and an electrocardiogram.

Your cardiologist typically recommends starting an outpatient cardiac rehabilitation program three to six weeks after your discharge from the hospital, ensuring a gradual and controlled recovery post Aortic Valve Replacement surgery.

For the duration of the procedure, you remain unconscious (under general anesthesia). Although the success of the procedure is being watched over and the bypass is ensuring blood is getting to the heart, you will be kept under general anesthesia.

The average cost of Aortic Valve Replacement in India is 6900-7500 USD.

The success rate of aortic valve replacement surgery is 95-98%.

After your Aortic Valve Replacement, what you eat matters for your heart health. To lower risks, focus on a diet low in sodium and bad fats, and high in fiber and omega-3 fatty acids. Avoid foods like beef, pies, butter, and fatty meats, as well as pastries and biscuits. Instead, opt for five servings of fruits and veggies daily, including oily fish like mackerel and sardines. Meals with whole-grain rice, bread, and pasta are good choices. Also, watch your sodium intake for better recovery.

You shouldn't avoid stairs after leaving the hospital. Ascending stairs requires more effort, so it's important to do it safely with your physical therapist. Take it slowly and be patient as you climb. If you feel tired halfway, take a break and relax before continuing.

You'll need to monitor your vitals regularly, keeping an eye on your temperature, heart rate, and blood pressure. This helps reduce the chances of complications. Make sure to manage your dressings properly and follow the prescribed diet. After discharge, keep up with your follow-up appointments for continued care and monitoring.

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